" ယူနီကုတ်နှင့် ဖော်ဂျီ ဖောင့် နှစ်မျိုး စလုံး ဖတ်နိုင်အောင်( ၂၁-၀၂-၂၀၂၂ ) မှစ၍ဖတ်ရှုနိုင်ပါပြီ။ (  Microsoft Chrome ကို အသုံးပြုပါ ) "
Showing posts with label Article. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Article. Show all posts

Saturday, June 18, 2022

Can Bangladesh-Myanmar military ties stabilise the region?

The Daily Star
Parvej Siddique Bhuiyan
Sun Jun 19, 2022

A power shift in Myanmar and the subsequent polarisation among major powers triggered a new geopolitical flashpoint in Bangladesh's strategic backyard, which the latter cannot afford to ignore. It seems that the US and other western countries are taking a heavy-handed approach while other big powers, such as Russia, China, India, and Japan, have started explicitly (or covertly) normalising their relations with the Tatmadaw (Myanmar military).

Myanmar always gets priority in Bangladesh's economic and security strategy. Although democratic Bangladesh has a moral dilemma in supporting the military government, it has yet to formally condemn the military coup or demand Aung San Su Kyi's release. It underscores Dhaka's careful support for the junta's "one-Myanmar government policy." So, in foreign policy circles, the immediate discussion is whether Dhaka's stance is a "well-thought-out approach or simply a premature polarisation."

Saturday, June 11, 2022

Rohingya issue must be seen as global, in collective matter: Shahriar Alam

daily observer
Published : Saturday, 11 June, 2022
Observer Correspondent

The School of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences and the Department of Global Studies and Governance (GSG) of Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB) launched the much-awaited and talked about book titled 'Global-Local Tradeoffs, Order-Disorder Consequences: 'State' No More An Island?' on Thursday (June 9, 2022) at the Multi-purpose Hall on the university campus. 

Thursday, June 9, 2022

မြန်မာစစ်အစိုးရသည် ရခိုင်ပြည်နယ်တွင် 'လူမျိုးတုံးသတ်ဖြတ်မှု' လုပ်ဆောင်နေ- အစီရင်ခံစာ

Sebastian Strangio
ဇွန် ၀၉၊ ၂၀၂၂ 

( ဘာသာပြန် )

 ထောက်ခံအားပေးရေးအဖွဲ့ Fortify Rights ၏အဆိုအရ၊ ပြည်နယ်၏ အထောက်အထားစာရွက်စာတမ်းများကို ဆိုး ရွားစွာ အသုံးပြုခြင်းသည် လူမျိုးတုံးသတ်ဖြတ်မှု၏ အ တိတ် အပိုင်းများကို ထင်ဟပ်စေသည်။

ရခိုင်ပြည်နယ်ရှိ ရိုဟင်ဂျာအသိုင်းအဝိုင်းအပေါ် လူမျိုးတုံး သတ်ဖြတ်မှု လွယ်ကူချောမွေ့စေရန်အတွက် မြန်မာစစ် အစိုးရက အထောက်အထား စာရွက်စာ တမ်းများ ကဲ့သို့ သော စီမံခန့်ခွဲရေးအစီအမံများကို အသုံးပြုနေသည်ဟု လူ့အခွင့်အရေးအဖွဲ့တစ်ဖွဲ့က ယမန်နေ့တွင် ပြောကြားခဲ့ သည်။

ရိုဟင်ဂျာများ အစီရင်ခံစာသစ်တစ်ခုတွင် အပေါ် မြန်မာ အစိုးရ၏ ပြုမူဆက်ဆံမှုသည် ၁၉၉၄ ခုနှစ် ရဝမ်ဒါ လူမျိုးတုံးသတ်ဖြတ်မှုဟု ထင်ဟပ်စေသည်ဟု ထောက်ခံ အားပေးရေးအဖွဲ့ Fortify Rights က ဆိုသည်။ ရိုဟင်ဂျာ အသိုင်းအဝိုင်းအား  လက်နက်ကိုင် တိုက်ခိုက်မှုသည် ကြီးမားစွာ ပြီးဆုံးသွားသော်လည်း “လူမျိုး တုံးသတ်ဖြတ်မှု” ကြာမြင့်နေပြီဖြစ်ပြီး ယနေ့တွင် ဆက်လက်လုပ် ဆောင်နေပါသည်” ဟု ထုတ်ပြန်ချက် နှင့်အတူ ပူးတွဲဖော်ပြချက် တစ် ခုအရ သိရသည်။

Friday, June 3, 2022

Will Rohingya repatriation ever happen?

The Daily Star
Bulbul Siddiqi
Tue Mar 29, 2022

After the inhuman ordeal that the displaced Rohingyas have suffered, they deserve a safe, dignified return to their homes in Myanmar, with their citizenship rights fully restored. File Photo: Reuters

"I can see my homeland when I gaze upon the distant hills from the top of a hill where I live in the refugee camp. I want to return to my home. Home is where I can breathe, and I can feel the smell of my country. You cannot call this a life; it's just surviving."

This is what a middle-aged Rohingya man, living at a makeshift camp in Cox's Bazar, who crossed over to Bangladesh during the 2017 exodus of Rohingyas fleeing military persecution in Rakhine, Myanmar, said when I asked him how he was. It is easy enough to see the desperation of these displaced people to return to their homeland, as well as the frustration because they are not able to. Every time I visit the Rohingya refugee camp for my research, I come across people who have not yet given up hope of returning to their home in the Rakhine state. I even met a man who, having lived in a registered camp for 35 years, has not yet lost his hope to return to his homeland. He spent most of the golden time of his life struggling to survive in Bangladesh. He would be waiting till his death to return to Rakhine.

Why Are Rohingya Refugees Returning From India To Bangladesh?


By Rajeev Bhattacharyya
June 03, 2022

India’s plans to put them in detention centers before deporting them to Myanmar is driving the reverse exodus.

Over the past several years, Rohingya refugees have been apprehended on many occasions while crossing the border illicitly from Bangladesh to India. Last month, two batches were arrested in Assam and Tripura in India’s northeast. But their travel itinerary was different from the past.

This time around, their plan was to return to Bangladesh instead of settling in India.

Tuesday, April 19, 2022

Myanmar, Bangladesh need to boost ties

Jubeda Chowdhury
04- 18- 2022

“ If Bangladesh and Myanmar improve their ties with each other, their dependence on China and India could be reduced and trade with other countries in Southeast Asia and South Asia could increase.”

Boats are seen carrying passengers to cross the Buriganga river in Dhaka, Bangladesh, February 16, 2021. REUTERSpix

MYANMAR and Bangladesh should bolster their ties with neighbourly spirit for various reasons.

Currently, the strained Myanmar- Bangladesh relations need to be ironed out.

Jan 13 marked 50 years of bilateral ties between Myanmar and Bangladesh.

Myanmar recognised Bangladesh as a sovereign state on Jan 13, 1972, but there weren’t any seminars, discussions, statements and such between the two to commemorate the special day.

Monday, April 18, 2022

Bangladesh: Closing Rohingya Schools and Shops is Cruel Copy

Islamic City
Apr 17, 2022
By: Habib Siddiqui

“Bangladesh’s decision to close schools for Rohingya refugee children violates the right to education on a massive scale,” said Bill Van Esveld, associate children’s rights director at HRW. “This cruel decision should be immediately reversed so that Rohingya children can get an education, which will be especially critical for their return to Myanmar when it is safe to do so.” (photo: UNICEF/Lateef - 24 August 2020). 

Bangladesh hosts over 1.1 million Rohingyas who fled neighboring Myanmar during a genocidal campaign by the security forces in 2017. Most of them live in and around Kutupalong and Nayapara refugee camps in the Cox’s Bazar region - which have grown to become the largest and most densely populated camps in the world.

Sunday, April 17, 2022

Deportation of Rohingya woman from India sparks fear of renewed crackdown

Aakash Hassan
Thu 14 Apr 2022 

Hasina Begum was separated from her family and forced to return to Myanmar despite her refugee status. Hundreds of others now face expulsion  

Rohingya refugees at a makeshift camp on the outskirts of Jammu, India, last year. Photograph: Channi Anand/AP

The deportation of a Rohingya woman back to Myanmar has sparked fears that India is preparing to expel many more refugees from the country.

Hasina Begum, 37, was deported from Indian-administered Kashmir two weeks ago, despite holding a UN verification of her refugee status, intended to protect holders from arbitrary detention. Begum was among 170 refugees arrested and detained in Jammu in March last year. Her husband and three children, who also have UN refugee status, remain in Kashmir.

Saturday, April 9, 2022

The Path Out of Genocide | Opinion

Tun Khin and Daniel P. Sullivan ,
Refugees International
On 4/6/22 

Five years since brutal attacks by Myanmar's military forced more than 700,000 Rohingya refugees to flee their homes, the United States has finally recognized those horrors as genocide. This determination is a historic and profound step toward justice for the Rohingya people. But those were words. Now we need action. This momentous assessment must serve as a catalyst to hold the Myanmar military accountable for its unceasing atrocities against people across Myanmar and to take urgent steps to end them.

US must follow up on Rohingya genocide declaration

Saqib Sheikh
April 7, 2022

The Biden administration should push for change on the ground rather than merely issuing statements  

Rohingya refugees gather at a market in Bangladesh’s Kutupalong refugee camp in Ukhia on May 15, 2020. Photo: AFP

The recent announcement by US President Joe Biden’s administration affirming that the Myanmar military was guilty of a genocidal acts and crimes against humanity directed at the Rohingya was largely welcomed by the Rohingya stateless diaspora. 

Activists and analysts, though, have commented on how late this decision has been made, coming nearly five years after the military operation in 2017 that resulted in a mass exodus of the Rohingya from their ancestral homeland in Rakhine state to neighboring Bangladesh as well as other countries in the region. 

Monday, April 4, 2022

ရိုဟင်ဂျာအရေးအခင်းတွင် အောက်ခြေစစ်သားများကို ထင် ရာစိုင်းခွင့်ပေးခဲ့ဟု တပ်အရာရှိပြော

Maynmar Now
ဇော်ရဲသွေး / Myanmar Now
Apr 2, 2022

ရိုဟင်ဂျာနှိမ်နင်းရေး ခေါင်းစဉ်အောက်တွင် စစ်တပ်အကြီးအကဲများက အတိုင်းအဆမဲ့ အကြမ်းဖက်မှုမျိုးစုံ လုပ်ခွင့်ပေးခဲ့သည်ဟု ထောက်ပို့အရာရှိအဖြစ် တာဝန်ထမ်းဆောင်ခဲ့သူ တပ်အရာရှိက ပြောသည်။ရိုဟင်ဂျာအ ရေးအခင်းတွင် စစ်တပ်က အောက်ခြေစစ်သားများကို ထင်ရာစိုင်းခွင့်ပေးခဲ့သည်ဟု ရခိုင်ပြည်နယ်မြောက် ပိုင်း တွင် တာဝန်ကျနေရာမှ ယခုနှစ်ဆန်းပိုင်းတွင် ထွက်ပြေးလွတ်မြောက်လာသူ ဗိုလ်ကြီးတစ်ဦးက ထုတ်ဖော်ပြော ကြားသည်။

Thursday, March 24, 2022

The US has declared a Rohingya genocide. Does it matter?

Radio Free Asia
Commentary by Zachary Abuza

The determination has no immediate legal impact, but it has important implications, Zachary Abuza says.

Unidentified men carry knives and slingshots as they walk past a burning house in Gawdu Tharya village near Maungdaw in Rakhine state in northern Myanmar, Sept. 7, 2017.AFP

On 21 March 2022, U.S. Secretary of State Anthony Blinken made a formal determination that Myanmars military committed genocide against the Rohingya population in 2017. He described the attacks as “widespread and systematic”, “with a clear and premeditated intention to destroy the Rohingya population.” This went beyond the U.S. government’s previous findings that the military had committed ethnic cleansing in the process of driving over 740,000 Rohingya across the border into neighboring Bangladesh.


India, China and the Rohingya issue

by Pema Tseten
March 24, 2018 

Rohingya refugees stretch their hands to receive aid distributed by local organizations at Balukhali makeshift refugee camp in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, September 14, 2017. Photo: Reuters/Danish Siddiqui

Myanmar occupies a pivotal position in India’s strategic calculus as New Delhi establishes a connection with Southeast Asia through its “Look East” or “Act East” policy. The region has received the highest level of patronage under different Indian administrations. This was  intensified under Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his “Neighborhood First” policy with an active focus on improving ties with India’s immediate neighbors.

China and India's game on Rohingya

the Independent
Md. Tareq Hasan
1 March, 2021

The biggest thing is that the Rohingyas were forced to flee from Myanmar 3 years ago, but Aung San Suu Kyi could not take any initiative to talk to the Bangladeshi authorities and take them back.

A military coup in Myanmar on February 1 could hamper the repatriation and resettlement of Myanmar's Rohingya population. The international community and world leaders are currently keeping a close eye on the situation in Myanmar and the Rohingya, but China and India, Myanmar's trusted allies, have a key role to play in this issue. But neither China nor India has yet commented on the Myanmar coup. What kind of impact the military coup in Myanmar could have on the Rohingya has given rise to a surprising question.

Wednesday, March 23, 2022

Wa an early winner of Myanmar’s post-coup war


by Anthony Davis
February 22, 2022

UWSA consolidating a new Wa state that will bring Chinese influence near Thailand and set a self-rule model for other ethnic rebels  

UWSA special force snipers participate in a military parade in the Wa State's Panghsang, April 17, 2019. Photo: AFP / Ye Aung Thu

BANGKOK – The anniversary of the Myanmar military’s February 2021 coup has briefly refocused the fickle attentions of the international media with a flurry of “one year on” reporting on popular resistance and its prospects for success or failure.

Overshadowed by this central drama, meanwhile, another major power shift has been unfolding in the remote hills of northeastern Shan state with repercussions that may prove to be no less profound.

Opinion: At long last, the U.S. recognizes what the Rohingya already knew

The Washinton Post
By Wai Wai Nu

Rohingya refugees walk through a shallow canal after crossing the Naf River as they flee violence in Myanmar to reach Bangladesh in Palongkhali near Ukhia on Oct. 16, 2017. (Munir Uz Zaman/AFP/Getty Images) 

Wai Wai Nu is a human rights and democracy activist, a former political prisoner, a visiting senior research fellow at the Human Rights Center at the University of California in Berkeley’s School of Law, and the founder and executive director of the Women’s Peace Network in Myanmar.

On Monday, Secretary of State Antony Blinken officially declared that the U.S. government defines the crimes perpetrated by the Myanmar military against the Rohingya people as a genocide.

For me and many other Rohingya, this is an epochal moment. For too long, we have felt abandoned by the world. For years, we pleaded for help — but our calls went unanswered. The violence and suffering we endured were compounded by the realization that so much of the world preferred to look away. This collective memory has further traumatized us. How could no one care when they burned down our homes and slaughtered our people? How could the international community close its eyes when hundreds of thousands of us were forced to flee our country?

Rohingya refugees welcome US decision to call Myanmar atrocities a genocide

Alex Hern and agencies
Tue 22 Mar 2022

Refugees ‘very happy’ with declaration, while experts say ‘concrete steps’ must follow

Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh have welcomed the US move to designate atrocities committed by Myanmar’s military a genocide. Photograph: Allison Joyce/Getty Images

Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh have welcomed the announcement by the US that it considers the violent repression of their largely Muslim ethnic group in Myanmar a genocide.

“We are very happy on the declaration of the genocide; many many thanks,” said 60-year-old Sala Uddin, who lives at Kutupalong camp, one of the many in Cox’s Bazar district that are now home to about 1 million Rohingya.

‘Kill more’: Facebook fails to detect hate against Rohingya

Associated Press
March 22, 2022 

Rights group Global Witness submitted eight paid ads for approval to Facebook, each including different versions of hate speech against Rohingya, which were all approved for publishing. AP 

 JAKARTA, Indonesia — A new report has found that Facebook failed to detect blatant hate speech and calls to violence against Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslim minority years after such behavior was found to have played a determining role in the genocide against them.

The report shared exclusively with The Associated Press showed the rights group Global Witness submitted eight paid ads for approval to Facebook, each including different versions of hate speech against Rohingya. All eight ads were approved by Facebook to be published.


The US Says Myanmar Committed Genocide in Assaults on Rohingya

Sebastian Strangio
March 21, 2022

The declaration is long overdue, but accountability for Myanmar’s military remains a long way off.

Yesterday, Reuters published an exclusive report claiming that the United States is intending to declare that Myanmar’s brutal treatment of the Rohingya Muslim population is a “genocide.” According to the article, which cited Biden administration officials with knowledge of the matter, U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken will make the long-anticipated designation today at an event at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, where there is currently an exhibit detailing the plight of the Rohingya.


Tuesday, March 22, 2022

US Declares Myanmar’s 2017 Atrocities Against Rohingya A ‘Genocide’

March 22, 2022
By Shailaja Neelakantan

Displaced Rohingya in Myanmar. Photo Credit: Tasnim News Agency

The United States has declared as a genocide the Myanmar military’s 2017 deadly crackdown against the Rohingya Muslim minority that killed thousands and forced an exodus to neighboring Bangladesh, Secretary of State Antony Blinken announced Monday.

Human rights activists welcomed the move as overdue and essential for stepping up pressure on the military, and making it accountable for crimes against humanity. According to American investigators, the military was responsible for atrocities including mass killings, gang rapes, mutilations, crucifixions, and the burning and drowning of children.