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Showing posts with label History. Show all posts
Showing posts with label History. Show all posts

Sunday, April 11, 2021

What Is Keeping India on the Wrong Side of History With Myanmar?

THE WIRE
11 April 2021


India’s recent track record does not inspire confidence that democratic or humanitarian considerations will outweigh MEA’s perception of geo-strategic rationale and increasingly independent business interests.

Demonstrators are seen before a clash with security forces in Taze, Sagaing Region, Myanmar April 7, 2021, in this image obtained by Reuters. Photo obtained by Reuters

Why is India so defiantly indifferent to shaming to the point of attempting to deport a Rohingya girl child back to a Myanmar convulsed by violent turbulence?

And to compound that, the Supreme Court has legitimated Centre’s contentious directive of deporting the Rohingya refugees, holding inapplicable the legal principle of non-refoulement and turning its back on the genocide like situation in Myanmar.

What geo-economic and strategic compulsions are aligning democratic India on the wrong side of history with brutally repressive military dictators in Myanmar?

Wednesday, April 7, 2021

၁၉၆၇ တရုတ္ ဗမာ အေရးအခင္း အေၾကာင္း တေ ေစ့တ ေစာင္း

တင္ေမာင္



၁၉၆၇ တရုတ္ ဗမာ အေရးအခင္း အေၾကာင္း တေ ေစ့တ ေစာင္း
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ျမန္မာျပည္မွာ လူမ်ိဳးမတူမႈ ဘာသာမတူမႈ ခံယူခ်က္မတူမႈ အစရွိတဲ့ အေၾကာင္းရင္းမ်ား ကို အေျချပဳျပီး ပဋိ ပကၡမ်ား အစဥ္အဆက္ ေပါက္ဖြားခဲ့တဲ့ အနက္ ၁၉၆၇ ခုႏွစ္မွာ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့တဲ့ တရုတ္ ဗမာ အေရးအခင္း ဟာ လည္း တစ္ခုအပါအဝင္ ျဖစ္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။


ဒီလုိ ျဖစ္ခဲ့တဲ့ ပဋိပကၡေတြကို သင္ခန္းစာယူျပီး ေနာင္မျဖစ္ေစဖို႔ ၾကိဳးပမ္းအားထုတ္ဖို႔ အတြက္လည္း အဲ့ဒီလုိ အျဖစ္အပ်က္ေတြကို ျမန္မာသမိုင္းတေလ်ာက္ မွန္မွန္ကန္ကန္ တရားဝင္မွတ္တမ္းတင္မႈ ျပည္သူလူထုကို မွန္ကန္တဲ့ နည္းလမ္းနဲ႔ ပညာေပးမႈ ေတြဟာလည္း အားနည္းလြန္းတဲ့အတြက္ ပဋိပကၡေတြဟာ တမ်ိဳးျပီးတမ်ိဳး ဆက္တိုက္ ေပါက္ဖြားခဲ့ရတာပဲျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ယခုတင္ျပမဲ့ တရုတ္ဗမာ အေရးအခင္းလုိ႔ လူသိမ်ားတဲ့ အေရးအခင္းဟာ တကယ္ေတာ့ ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေနဝင္း အာ ဏာသိမ္းျပီးေနာက္ ၅ ႏွစ္အၾကာမွာ ေပၚေပါက္ခဲ့တာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ျမန္မာျပည္တြင္းက တရုတ္ အမ်ိဳး သား မ်ား နဲ႕ ဗမာ မ်ားအၾကား ရက္အတန္ၾကာ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့တဲ့ အေရးအခင္း တစ္ခုျဖစ္ပါတယ္။


တ႐ုတ္-ျမန္မာ နယ္စပ္ေဒသ၏ သမိုင္းေၾကာင္း အက်ဥ္း

75 AD
လြန္ခဲ့သည့္ ႏွစ္ေထာင္ေသာင္းမ်ားစြာကတည္းက ယေန႔ခတ္ တ႐ုတ္-ျမန္မာ နယ္စပ္ေဒသ၌ ယဥ္ေက်းမႈ၊ ဘာ သာစကား မတူညီ ကြဲျပားသည့္ လူမ်ိဳးေပါင္းစုံ ယွဥ္တြဲေနထိုင္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။ လြန္ခဲ့ေသာ ႏွစ္ ၂၀၀၀ ခန္႔ ဧရာဝ တီျမစ္ဝွမ္းေဒသတြင္ ၿမိဳ႕ျပယဥ္ေက်းမႈ ဉီးဆုံး ေပၚေပါက္လာခ်ိန္က ယေန႔ေခတ္ ယူနန္ျပည္ အေရွ႕ပိုင္းေဒ သ ကို ဒီယန္ဘုရင္မ်ား ေခတ္အဆက္ဆက္ အုပ္စိုးခဲ့သည္။ ဒီယန္ဘုရင္မ်ားသည္ ျမန္မာဘာသာႏွင့္ ဆက္စပ္ေန သည့္ ဘာသာစ ကား တစ္မ်ိဳးကို အသုံးျပဳခဲ့ဟန္ တူေသာ္လည္း အတိအက် မဆိုနိုင္ပါ။ ယူနန္နယ္သားမ်ား သည္ အျခားေသာ တိဘက္-ျမန္မာႏြယ္ ဘာသာစကားမ်ား၊ တိုင္ဘာသာႏွင့္ ၾသစထရိုအာရွ ဘာသာစကား မ်ား (ေခတ္သစ္မြန္ဘာသာကဲ့သို႔) ကိုလည္း အသုံးျပဳခဲ့ၾကသည္။

Myanmar’s Brutal Military Was Once a Force for Freedom – but it’s been Waging Civil War for Decades

INTERNATIONAL POLICY DIGEST
Tharaphi Than
APRIL 5, 2021



With great fanfare – but few guests – Myanmar’s armed forces recently celebrated their 76th anniversary in the nation’s capital of Naypyitaw.

Only Russia, China, Thailand, and a handful of other Asian countries sent representatives to attend the March 27th parade showing off Myanmar’s modern war machines – mostly imported from Russia and China over the past decade, to the tune of $2.4 billion.

The Myanmar military has been terrorizing civilians since a coup two months earlier. On the day of the parade, soldiers killed over 90 people for protesting military rule, including a 5-year-old boy and three teenagers. An estimated 564 people have been killed in Myanmar since the Feb. 1 coup.

Tuesday, March 23, 2021

Genocide

Genocide by adie rathi

Genocides in History

Genocides in History by Srebrenica Genocide Library

A Refugees Journey from Myanmar Leaving My Homeland

A Refugees Journey from Mya... by Malik Farhan Azam

The Rohingya - The Ethnic People, Our History and Persecution

The Rohingya - The Ethnic P... by Free Rohingya Coalition

The Rohingya Genocide - Compilation and Analysis of Survivors' Testimonies

The Rohingya Genocide - Com... by Free Rohingya Coalition

The Politics of Identity in Myanmar the Rohingya, Kachin & Wa Ethnic Minorities

The Politics of Identity in... by washalinko

The Cultural Affinity of Rohingyas with Bengal

The Cultural Affinity of Ro... by junaid

History of Burma 01 Phay

History of Burma 01 Phay by Malem Ningthouja

Burma Curse of Independence

Burma Curse of Independence by Charity N N Lwin

History of Buddhism in Burma a.D. 1000-1300

History of Buddhism in Burm... by Guhyaprajñāmitra3

History of the Bengalee Settlers in Burma

History of the Bengalee Set... by Phyo Win Latt

India Burma

India Burma by Bob Andrepont

History of Burma From a Multi-ethnic Perspective

History of Burma by Saw Kyaw Zin Htun

Analysis on Francis Buchanan

Analysis on Francis Buchanan by Zwe Thit (Rammarmray)

Monday, March 22, 2021

အင္ဒိုနီးရွားနိုင္ငံ အေၾကာင္း သိေကာင္းစရာ

ေရးသားသူ – ေကာင္းစည္သူ(သုတအလင္းမဂၢဇင္း)


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

အင္ဒိုနီးရွားသမၼတနိုင္ငံသည္ အိႏၵိယသမုဒၵရာႏွင့္ ပစိဖိတ္သမုဒၵရာအၾကား၊ အေရွ႕ေတာင္အာရွတြင္ တည္ရွိ သည့္ အခ်ဳပ္အျခာ အာဏာပိုင္ဆိုင္ေသာ နိုင္ငံတစ္ခုျဖစ္ကာ ကၽြန္းေပါင္း ၁၃၀၀၀ ေက်ာ္ျဖင့္ ဖြဲ႕စည္းထားသည့္ ကမၻာ့အႀကီးဆုံးေသာ ကၽြန္းနိုင္ငံျဖစ္သည္။ ဧရိယာ ၇၃၅၃၅၈ စတုရန္းမိုင္က်ယ္ဝန္းသျဖင့္ အင္ဒိုနီးရွားသည္ ကမၻာေပၚတြင္ ၁၄ ခုေျမာက္ ကုန္းေျမအႀကီးဆုံး ႏွင့္ သတၱမေျမာက္ ပင္လယ္ႏွင့္ကုန္းေျမပူးေပါင္းဧရိယာ အ က်ယ္ဆုံးနိုင္ငံလည္းျဖစ္သည္။ 

Wednesday, August 19, 2020

The Rohingya, Rising Asian Islamophobia and the Tenuous State of Muslim- Buddhist Relations in Contemporary Southeast Asia

OXFORD ISLAMIC ONLINE STUDIES
Asst. Prof. Dr. Imtiyaz Yusuf
Lecturer and Director Center for Buddhist-Muslim Understanding College of Religious Studies Mahidol University

A Brief History of the Rohingya


I heard about the case of the Arakan Muslims some thirty years ago, when few people knew about them. The first ever well-documented information and research about the Rohingya, who were described as insurgents, was done by an Israeli diplomat named Moshe Yegar. Yegar was posted as the Second Secretary at the Israeli Embassy in Rangoon (Yangon) in 1960s. His two books, titled: Between Integration and Secession: The Muslim Communities of the Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand, and Western Burma/Myanmar and The Muslims in Burma: A Study of a Minority Group, are indispensible in order to learn and research about the Rohingya and Muslims of Burma, both of whom have different historical trajectories (Yegar 1972).
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