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Showing posts with label 2018. Show all posts
Showing posts with label 2018. Show all posts

Sunday, March 7, 2021

၁၉၆၂ အာဏာသိမ္းမႈႏွင့္ ရန္ကုန္အလြန္ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံမွ လက္နက္ကိုင္ပဋိပကၡ အခင္းအက်င္းမ်ားအေပၚ သမာသမတ္က်သည့္ ခ်ဥ္းကပ္မႈ

IPS P 1eace Desk
By John Buchanan,
On September 12, 2018

ဂၽြန္ ဗ်ဴခန္နန္ ၂


■ ၁။ နိဒါန္း


ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံအေနျဖင့္ ကမၻာ့အရွည္ၾကာဆုံး ျပည္တြင္းစစ္ႏွင့္ ရင္ဆိုင္ ၾကဳံေတြ႕ခဲ့ရသည့္အျပင္ မ်ားျပားလွေသာ သီးျခားပဋိပကၡမ်ားလည္း ရွိေပသည္။ ၃ သုေတသီမ်ားမွာ ျပည္တြင္းစစ္မ်ားႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္၍ စာရြက္စာတမ္းေပါင္း ေျမာက္ျမားစြာ ေရးသားခဲ့ၾကေသာ္လည္း ၎တို႔၏ ေလ့လာသုေတသန ျပဳမႈမ်ားတြင္ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံအေၾကာင္းကို မ်ားစြာ လ်စ္လ်ဴရႈခဲ့ၾကပါသည္။ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံမွ ျပည္တြင္းစစ္အေၾကာင္းကို စာအုပ္ေရးသားရန္ လ်စ္လ်ဴရႈထားခဲ့ျခင္းေၾကာင့္ သက္ဆိုးရွည္လွသည့္ ပဋိပကၡမ်ားႏွင့္ ျပည္တြင္းစစ္အေပၚ အျမင္အမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးကို အကဲျဖတ္ ရွင္းလင္းျပနိုင္ရန္မွာ အေရးပါလွသည့္ ကိစၥရပ္တစ္ခု ျဖစ္လာခဲ့ပါသည္။

Saturday, July 18, 2020

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ပဋိပကၡဆိုင္ရာ စာတမ္းတို

ၿပည္သူ႔လြွတ္ေတာ္
ရက္စြဲ ၊၅.၉.၂၀၁၈

နိဒါန္း

၁။    ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္ ျဖစ္ေပၚေနေသာ ျပႆနာမ်ားသည္ သာမန္လူမ်ိဳးေရး၊ ဘာသာေရး၊ မဟုတ္ဘဲ သမိုင္းဇာစ္ျမစ္ႀကီးမားသည့္ ပထဝီနိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ ျပႆနာတစ္ရပ္ျဖစ္သည့္အျပင္ တရားမဝင္ ဝင္ေရာက္မႈ၊ သဘာဝသယံဇာတမ်ား ပိုင္ဆိုင္ေရးအတြက္ အၿပိဳင္အဆိုင္ႀကိဳးပမ္းမႈ၊ ဆင္းရဲႏြမ္းပါးမႈႏွင့္ တရားဥပေဒ စိုးမိုး မႈတို႔ ပါဝင္ပတ္သက္ေနသည့္ နိုင္ငံေရးႏွင့္ စီးပြားေရး ျပႆနာရပ္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။

 ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္အေရးကိစၥသည္ ရာစုႏွစ္တစ္စုေက်ာ္ သမိုင္းႏွင့္ခ်ီၿပီး ျဖစ္လာခဲ့ျခင္းျဖစ္ေသာေၾကာင့္ လအ နည္းငယ္အတြင္း၊ ႏွစ္အနည္းငယ္အတြင္းတြင္ ေျဖရွင္းရန္ မလြယ္ကူသည့္ ကိစၥရပ္တစ္ခုျဖစ္ပါသည္။  ရခိုင္ ၿပည္နယ္အတြင္း လူသားခ်င္းစာနာမႈအကူ အညီေပးေရး လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားကို လူမႈဝန္ထမ္း၊ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးႏွင့္ ျပည္လည္ေနရာခ်ထားေရး ဝန္ႀကီးဌာန၊ UNHCR ၊ WFP အဖြဲ႕မ်ားအျပင္ ၾကက္ေျခနီအဖြဲ႕မ်ားအေနျဖင့္ ၾကက္ေျခနီ လႈပ္ရွားမႈအသြင္ျဖင့္ လူသားခ်င္းစာနာမႈအကူအညီ ေပးေရးဆိုင္ရာအေျခခံမူမ်ားႏွင့္အညီ ကူ ညီ ေထာက္ပံ့ေဆာက္ရြက္ျခင္း၊  IDP စခန္းမ်ားပိတ္သိမ္းျခင္း၊ ျမန္မာ-ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏွစ္နိုင္ငံ နယ္ျခားေစာင့္ တပ္ဖြဲ႕မ်ား ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္ရြက္ျခင္းတို႔ကို ေဆာင္ရြက္လ်က္ရွိပါသည္။

Saturday, June 29, 2019

ရခိုင္အေရးေၾကာင့္ ေသြးမကြဲေစလိုပါ

The Voice Journal
by
Jun 29, 2018
ရခိုင္အေရးကား ႐ႈပ္ေထြးလွသည္။ သို႔ေသာ္ မရွင္းလို႔ကလည္း မျဖစ္။ ဘိုးဘြားအေမြ ျဖစ္ေနသည္။ အခ်ဳပ္ အျခာအာဏာက ဘိုးဘြားအေမြျဖစ္သလို ျပႆနာကလည္း ဘိုးဘြားအေမြဟု ဆိုရေလာက္ေအာင္ ပင္ အစဥ္အဆက္ကတည္းက ျဖစ္ခဲ့ေသာျပႆနာတစ္ခု။ ထို႔ေၾကာင့္ မျဖစ္မေနေတာ့ ရွင္းၾကရေပ လိမ့္ မည္။ အထူးသတိခ်ပ္ရမည္မွာ ျပႆနာကိုရွင္းရင္း ျပႆနာမတက္ၾကဖို႔ျဖစ္သည္။

Saturday, June 22, 2019

State Dept. releases religious freedom report: A 'chilling array of abuses' committed in 2018

THE CHRISTIAN POST
By Samuel Smith,
CP Reporter
June 22, 2019




A woman walks among debris after fire destroyed shelters at a camp for internally displaced Rohingya Muslims in the western Rakhine State near Sittwe, Myanmar, on May 3, 2016. | (Photo: Reuters/Soe Zeya Tun/Files)




The U.S. State Department released its annual report on international religious freedom on Friday and announced that it will strengthen its office that oversees international religious freedom issues.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo gave a brief address at a press conference unveiling the report, which serves as a “report card” tracking countries’ progress on religious freedom in 2018.

Pompeo called out countries such as Iran, Russia, Myanmar, and China for their abuses of religious freedom and praised positive steps taken in nations such as Uzbekistan and Pakistan.

“Unfortunately, [2018] was far from perfect,” Pompeo said. “As in previous years, our report exposes a chilling array of abuses committed by oppressive regimes, violent extremist groups, and individual citizens. For all those who run roughshod over religious freedom, I’ll just say this: the United States is watching and you will be held to account.”

“History will not be silent about these abuses,” he added. “But only voices of liberty like ours record it.”

The report is compiled by the State Department’s Office of International Religious Freedom, which is led by Ambassador-at-large for International Religious Freedom Sam Brownback.

The position was created under the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998. Religious Freedom activists have long called for the office to be strengthened when it comes to its influence on U.S. foreign policy.

Pompeo announced at the press briefing that he is elevating the Office of International Religious Freedom and Office of the Special Envoy to monitor and combat anti-Semitism within the State Department.

“Effectively immediately, each of these two offices will report directly to the undersecretary for civilian, security, democracy and human rights,” he explained. “Sam Brownback, the ambassador-at-large for religious freedom, will continue to report directly to me.”

Pompeo added that the reorganization will provide each of those offices with additional staff and resources.

“It will empower them to carry out their important mandates,” he assured.

Speaking about the report, Pompeo noted the progress made by Uzbekistan, which last year was removed from the State Department’s list of “countries of particular concern” for international religious freedom violations, a designation that carries with it the possibility of sanctions.

“For the first time in 13 years, [Uzbekistan] is no longer designated a CPC,” Pompeo said. “This past year, the government released a religious freedom roadmap. Fifteen-hundred religious prisoners have been freed and 16,000 people that were blacklisted for their religious affiliation are now allowed to travel.”

Pompeo also praised Pakistan, which was designated a CPC last year, for the fact that Catholic mother Asia Bibi was acquited by the Pakistan Supreme Court and released from death row after spending about a decade in prison on blasphemy charges.

Pompeo was critical of Iran, which continues to crack down on Baha'is, Christian, and other religious minorities.

Brownback, a former governor of Kansas and U.S. senator, told reporters that Iran “continues to show a blatant disregard for protecting individuals' religious freedom.”

“Iranian religious minorities including Bahaiis, Christians, Jews, Zoarastains, Sunni and Sufi Muslims faced discrimination, harassment, and unjust imprisonment because of their beliefs,” Brownback said. “Their religious books are banned. They are denied access to education and their cemeteries are desecrated.”

“Last year, the Iranian regime violently cracked down on a peaceful protest of Sufi dervishes … in what Human Rights Watch called one of the largest crackdowns on a religious minority in Iran in a decade,” he added.

This year’s report includes a special section on China’s detention of at least 800,000 to possibly over 2 million Uighur Muslims, ethnic Kazakhs, and members of other Muslims groups in the Xinjiang province.

Brownback declared that the detention camps these prisoners are held in are “designed to strip away the culture, identity, and faith of these religious communities.”

“We share reports that others make that Chinese authorities have subjected prisoners of conscience, including Fulan Gong, Uighurs, Tibetan Buddhists, and underground Christians to forcible organ harvesting,” Brownback added. “This should shock everyone’s consciences.”

Brownback has been vocal about his disgust with the Communist Party of China’s disregard for religious freedom, calling it a “war on faith.” Pompeo contended that “the party demands that it alone be called God.”

Brownback said that while religious persecution in China in the past has been more regional, it has become more of a national policy for the Communist Party, leading to increased repression of Christians, the shutting down of churches and the arresting of religious adherents.

“To this, we say to China, you will not win your war on faith,” Brownback declared. “This will have consequences on your standing at home and around the world.”

Brownback also criticized the government in the central American nation of Nicaragua.

“Religious leaders report constant surveillance, intimidation, and threats,” he said. “The national police assault priests in full daylight, revealing the government’s contempt for religious leaders they deem as a threat to their authority.”

In Myanmar, where hundreds of thousands of predominantly Muslim Rohingya have been driven from their homes into neighboring Bangladesh by the military, Brownback assured that more needs to be done to ensure that these Muslim communities are able to return to their homes.

“We haven’t seen positive action,” he said. “We do support what the U.N. is doing in Burma in dealing with the Rohingya. The world community has to continue to take note of this and see what it is going to take to get something positive in place.”

Brownback explained that he has worked often with Pakistan in the past. He expressed hope that there will be more progress with the Asian nation on the issue of religious freedom.

In addition to being designated a CPC last year, Pakistan is also ranked by Open Doors USA as the fifth worst nation in the world when it comes to Christian persecution.

Although Pompeo praised Asia Bibi’s release from her blasphemy charge, he emphasized that there are over 40 others who remain jailed for life or face execution on that same charge.

“We hope to get into some key negotiations with Pakistan that will move them forward on protecting their religious minorities,” Brownback said. “We have a keen eye focus on them to help them get off [the CPC list]. But they are going to have to take action themselves.”

Brownback also vowed to continue raising the religious freedom issue with Saudi Arabia, a key trade partner for the U.S. In April, Saudia Arabia executed over 30 Shia Muslims who were convicted of terror and espionage charges through “unfair trials.” According to Human Rights Watch, the mass execution was the largest since January 2016.

“I think there was a lot of hope at first with the change in leadership that things would open up substantially,” Brownback said. “We see actions take place in a positive direction. But they continue to be one of the worst actors in the world on religious persecution.”

Pompeo then criticized Russia over its treatment of Jehovah's Witnesses.

“Jehovah's Witnesses were absurdly branded as terrorists, as authorities confiscated their property and threatened their families,” he said.

The 2019 report’s release precedes the State Department’s second-annual Ministerial on International Religious Freedom, which will be held in July at the State Department's office in Foggy Bottom.

Over 1,000 representatives, activists and religious leaders from across the globe will gather for the three-day event. Brownback declared that this year’s ministerial will be “bigger, broader, and better” than last year’s inaugural ministerial.

“It was truly a show of unity,” Pompeo said. “People of all faiths standing up for the most basic of all human rights.”

Last year’s ministerial inspired similar events to be hosted in Taiwan and the United Arab Emirates.

In Washington, D.C., Brownback said that the International Religious Freedom’s office has increased its engagement with the NGO community and expanded its religious freedom roundtable held every Tuesday on Capitol Hill.“We have supported religious freedom roundtables starting up in other countries around the world,” he said. “A grassroots movement for religious freedom is beginning to take hold around the world."

Link :https://www.christianpost.com/news/state-dept-releases-religious-freedom-report-a-chilling-array-of-abuses-committed-in-2018.html

Friday, June 21, 2019

၂ဝ၁၈ခုႏွစ္ ျမန္မာနုိင္ငံက ဘာသာေရးလြတ္လပ္ခြင့္ အေျခအေန

RFA
လြတ္လပ္တဲ့ အာရွအသံ
2019-06-21
 ရာမဇန္ ဥပုသ္လအတြင္း ဘုရားရိွခိုးက်ာင္းတခုမွာ ဝတ္ျပဳေနေသာ အစၥလာမ္ဘာသာဝင္မ်ား။
Photo: AFP
အစီရင္ခံစာမွာ ျမန္မာနုိင္ငံမွာ ၂ဝ၁၈ ခုႏွစ္ ဇူလိုင္လ သန္းေခါင္စာရင္းအရ လူဦးေရ ၅၅.၆ သန္းရွိတဲ့အနက္ ေထရဝါဒ ဗုဒၶဘာသာဝင္က ၈၈ ရာခိုင္ႏႈန္း၊ ခရစ္ယာန္(အမ်ားစု၊ ဘက္တစ္၊နဲ႔ ရိုမန္ကက္သလစ္) က ၆ ရာ ခိုင္ႏွဳန္း၊ မြတ္စလင္ အထူးသျဖင့္ ဆြန္နီက ၄ ရာခိုင္ႏႈန္း ရွိတယ္လို႔ ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။

Thursday, January 10, 2019

Amid troop build-up in Rohingya's home state, UN appeals to Myanmar for peaceful solution.

9 January 2019 | Peace and Security

Major fighting in Myanmar’s troubled Rakhine state has so far been avoided following clashes between armed separatists and national security forces who are increasing troop numbers there, a top UN humanitarian official there said on Wednesday.


In an interview with UN News, Knut Ostby, Acting Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Myanmar, reiterated calls for all sides “to find a peaceful solution to the situation”, amid concern “that there could be a quite immediate escalation of fighting”.


Sunday, December 16, 2018

( 16.12.2018 ) Forcible repatriation of Rohingya dangerous

December 16, 2018

TEHRAN - Just a little more than a year ago, at least ten thousand Rohingya were killed in northern Rakhine state, at least 350 villages were burnt to the ground. As a result, about 750,000 had to flee to neighboring Bangladesh.

Friday, December 14, 2018

( 14.12.2018 ) ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြ အေပၚႏွိပ္ ကြပ္မႈ Genocide အျဖစ္ ကန္ေအာက္ လႊတ္ေတာ္ အတည္ျပဳ

ၿမန္မာစစ္တပ္ရဲ႕လုပ္ရပ္ Genocide သတ္မွတ္ေရး အေမရိကန္ေအာက္လႊတ္ေတာ္မွာ မဲခြဲဆုံးျဖတ္စဥ္။

ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာမူဆလင္ေတြကို ျမန္မာစစ္တပ္က ရက္ရက္စက္စက္ ႏွိမ္နင္းခဲ့မႈကို Genocide ေခၚ လူမ်ိဳးတုန္း သတ္ျဖတ္မႈအျဖစ္ ေခၚဆိုသတ္မွတ္ဖို႔ အေမရိကန္ျပည္ေထာင္စု ေအာက္လႊတ္ေတာ္က တခဲနက္ အ တည္ျပဳ လိုက္ပါၿပီ။

Thursday, December 13, 2018

( 12.12.2018) Declaring Genocide in Burma


Declaring Genocide in Burma Press Release 12.13.18
Media Contact 202-225-5021

Washington, D.C. – The Burmese military and security forces have unleashed a targeted campaign against the Rohingya people – killing unarmed civilians, raping women and children, burning down villages, and planting landmines along border areas transited by refugees fleeing for their lives. Today, the House of Representatives took a stand by passing H. Res. 1091, declaring these crimes genocide.

Wednesday, November 21, 2018

( 21.11.2018) California က channel တစ္ခုနွင့္ ေရဒီယို ေတြ့ဆံုေမးၿမန္းခန္း။

California က channel တစ္ခုက လြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ တစ္နာရီေလာက္က repatriation နဲ႔ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ကၽြန္ေတာ့္ကုိ အင္တာဗ်ဴးလုပ္ထားတာ။
International protection မရွိဘဲ ရုိဟင္ဂ်ာေတြ ျပန္ဖုိ႔ မျဖစ္ႏုိင္ဘူး။

( 21.11.2018 ) တူရကီႏုိင္ငံက A News TV ရဲ့ The Brief အစီအစဥ္


တူရကီႏုိင္ငံက A News TV ရဲ့ The Brief အစီအစဥ္ မွာ ႏုိ၀င္ဘာလ (၂၀) ရက္ေန႔က ေျပာခဲ့တာ။
ရုိဟင္ဂ်ာေတြက ႏုိင္ငံတကာအကာအကြယ္ အေစာင့္အေရွာက္မရွိဘဲ လုံး၀ ျပန္ဖုိ႔ မျဖစ္ႏုိင္ပါဘူး။

Tuesday, November 20, 2018

( 20.11.2018 ) ရုိဟင္ဂ်ာျပႆနာ လက္ခံႏိုင္ စရာမရွိ ကုလအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ ေျပာၾကား ( VOA )

လူမ်ဳိးစုအလိုက္ရွင္းလင္းဖယ္ရွားခံရတဲ့ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြရဲ႕ ျပႆနာေလာက္ ဆိုးရြားတဲ့ အေျခ အေနမ်ဳိးမရွိေၾကာင္းနဲ႕ ဒီလို မတူကဲြျပားမႈေၾကာင့္ ပစ္မွတ္ထား ဖိႏွိပ္ခံရမႈကို လံုး၀လက္ခံႏိုင္စရာမ ရွိ ေၾကာင္း ကုလသမဂၢအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ António Guterres က တနလၤာေန႔က ေျပာၾကားလိုက္ပါတယ္။
ဒီအေတာအတြင္း ဒီဇင္ဘာလမွာ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံမွာ က်င္းပမယ့္ အေထြေထြေရြးေကာက္ပဲြေၾကာင့္ ႏွစ္ႏိုင္ငံသေဘာတူညီခ်က္အရ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြ ေနရပ္ျပန္ပို႔ေရးအစီအစဥ္ကို ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ဘက္က ဒီႏွစ္အကုန္ထိရပ္ဆိုင္းထားမွာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

Monday, November 19, 2018

( 19.11.2018 ) News Today



UN urges calm after shots fired in Rohingya camp in Myanmar Associated Press of Pakistan23:49 Mon, 19 Nov

Asean speed bumps Bangkok Post21:55 Mon, 19 Nov

Bangladesh pauses Rohingya repatriation plans amid refugee protests Public Radio International17:29 Mon, 19 Nov

Rohingya repatriation may be pushed back to 2019 The Globe and Mail13:21 Mon, 19 Nov

Rakhine refugees lured by promise of jobs in Malaysia The Myanmar Times01:36 Mon, 19 Nov
Voice of the Refugee The Statesman00:37 Mon, 19 Nov

( 19.11.2018) ျမန္မာ့ လူ႔အခြင့္ အေရး ဆုံးျဖတ္ ခ်က္ ကုလ ခ်မွတ္


“The Human Rights Situation in Myanmar” ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးအေျခအေန ဆိုတဲ့ေခါင္း စဥ္နဲ႔ ျမန္မာ့အေရးဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ကို ၇၃ ႀကိမ္ေျမာက္ ကုလသမဂၢအေထြေထြညီလာခံရဲ႕ တတိယေကာ္မ တီမွာ ႏို၀င္ဘာလ ၁၆ ရက္ေန႔က အတည္ျပဳခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဒီဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္မွာ- ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ မြတ္စလင္ေတြအေပၚ ဖိႏွိပ္မႈေတြအပါအ၀င္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာ ျဖစ္ေနတဲ့ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး ခ်ဳိးေဖာက္မႈအားလံုးကို ကန္႔ကြက္ရွဳတ္ ခ် ထားၿပီး၊ ျပစ္မႈက်ဴးလြန္သူေတြကို အေရးယူအျပစ္ေပးႏိုင္ေရး လြတ္လပ္တဲ့ စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးမႈေတြ လုပ္ဖို႔ ကုလအေထြေထြညီလာခံႀကီးက တိုက္တြန္းထားပါတယ္။

Saturday, November 17, 2018

( 17.11.2018 ) လူ႔အခြင့္ အေရးခ်ိဳးေဖာက္ သူေတြကို ရာထူး အာဏာကေန ဖယ္ရွားေပးဖို႔ ကုလ တတိယေကာ္မတီ ေတာင္းဆို



ၿမန္မာႏုိင္ငံက ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာမြတ္စလင္ေတြအေပၚ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးခ်ိဳးေဖာက္တာေတြနဲ႔ပတ္သက္လို႔ တာဝန္ရွိ သူေတြကို ရာထူးအာဏာေတြကေန ဖယ္ရွားအေရးယူဖို႔ ကုလသဂၢအေထြေထြညီလာခံ တတိယေကာ္မတီ အစည္းေဝးက မေန႔က ေတာင္းဆိုလုိက္ပါတယ္။

( 17.11.2018 ) UN adopts resolution on human rights situation in Myanmar


DHAKA: The third committee of the UN General Assembly in New York has adopted a resolution by a vote on the human rights situation in Myanmar.

Wednesday, November 14, 2018

Pence takes Suu Kyi to task over Myanmar treatment of Rohingya

Publish: November 14, 2018


SINGAPORE – The violence which drove 700,000 Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar into Bangladesh was “without excuse”, US Vice President Mike Pence told Aung San Suu Kyi in stinging comments on Wednesday.

Monday, November 12, 2018

( 12.11.2018 ) Rohingya shocked, terrified as deadline for Myanmar return nears ( AJ)

Rohingya shocked, terrified as deadline for Myanmar return nears

Myanmar and Bangladesh expected to start repatriation of thousands of Rohingya this week, but UN says move is premature.

by Joshua Carroll



Yangon, Myanmar - Abdul fled his burning home last August amid a frenzy of screams, smoke and gunfire.

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