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Friday, September 3, 2021

Timeline: Thailand’s coups

 FINANCIAL TIMES
 May 23 2014
( For Reference Only )
 

Thailand’s army staged a coup on Thursday, the 12th since the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1932. General Prayuth Chan-ocha, Thai army chief and head of the new ruling junta, has suspended the constitution, rounded up politicians and flushed protesters off the streets.

1932 Promoters Revolution King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) overthrown in a bloodless coup by a military junta led by educated radicals know as the “promoters”– most notably Pridi Phanomyang, Maj. Phibun Songkhram and Col Phahon Phonphayuhasena. The coup ended almost seven centuries of absolute monarchy.

1933 Phraya Manopakorn, appointed minister in the previous year’s coup, dissolved the National Assembly and ruled by decree. He was then himself removed in a coup d’état, the National Assembly was restored and Col Phahon Phonphaywhasena, one of the leaders of the 1932 military junta, was appointed prime minister. The king’s cousin later led an unsuccessful royalist revolt.

1935 The Nai Sip rebellion.

1939 Failed rebellion known as the Songsuradet rebellion.

1947 General Phin Choonhavan, acting on behalf of Phibun who was part of the 1932 military junta, led a coup that deposed the government. Supporters of Nai Pridi Phanomjong, who had been forced to resign as the premier after the death of the young King Ananda, made an unsuccessful attempt to seize power. Pridi left the country for exile. Maj Phibun Sangkhram, another of the military junta leaders from 1932, later took power in his own name.

1949
Attempted coup by Pridi, which saw the Grand Palace occupied by his supporters, failed.

1951 The Manhattan Coup – failed coup attempt Pridi supporters in the navy attempted a coup when they tried to seize Phibun during a ceremony accepting a ship given to Thailand by the US. He was held hostage on the Thai navy’s flagship. Phibun’s lieutenants sank the ship in the Chao Phraya river and Phibun managed to swim ashore.

1951 The Silent Coup A bloodless coup by Phibun put an end to what remained of Thai democracy and gave huge power to the military: the constitution was abrogated, political parties were banned and dissent stifled.

1957 Phibun restored free speech, allowed the formation of political parties and announced elections for 1957. The election was condemned for vote-rigging. It was followed by unrest and a state of emergency was declared. Col Sarit Thanarat used the opportunity to seize power. After another general election, Lt-Gen Thanom Kittikachorn became prime minister, but was replaced by Sarit nine months later.

1958 Gen. Sarit imposed military rule and democratic institutions were suspended.

1971 Thanom Kittikachorn, who succeeded Sarit when he died in 1963, launched a coup against his own government, saying that it was necessary for suppressing communists.

1976 An attempted military coup was defeated in February. Another in October overthrew prime minister Seni Pramoj and installed Adm. Sangad Chaloryoo, previously Minister of Defence, as chairman of a “National Administrative Reform Council”.

1977 A September assassination attempt against the king and queen failed. It was reportedly carried out by members of the Pattani United Liberation Organisation, which sought independence for Thailand’s predominantly Muslim southern provinces. In October the government was overthrown by a military coup led by Adm. Sangad Chaloryoo and a military revolutionary council took power.

1981 A coup led by the deputy commander-in-chief of the army failed when forces loyal to the government suppressed the revolt. The “Young Turk” group of officers who staged the coup were dismissed from the army.

1985 A coup attempt by Col Manoon Roopkachorn, a member of the Young Turks, failed and a number of senior officers were later arrested.

1991 The government of Gen. Chatichai Choonhavan was ousted in a bloodless military coup and power was assumed by a national peacekeeping council led by Gen. Sunthorn Kongsompong. Mr Chatichai was arrested by soldiers at Bangkok airport. The military accused the government of corruption and attempts to destroy the military. Anand Panyarachun was installed as interim prime minister.

2006 Prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra deposed by the army while out of the country at the UN General Assembly in New York. This followed months of demonstrations by the Yellow Shirts of the People’s Alliance for Democracy who accused Mr Thaksin of widespread corruption.

2014
The military seize power after the constitutional court ordered prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra out of office. General Prayuth Chan-ocha, army chief, said the military was responding to violence that had claimed more than 30 lives over the six months of protests against the government. Get alerts on Bangkok when a new story is published Copyright The

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